Selasa, 10 Juni 2014

Thus, there must be a strategic effort to reduce dependence on petroleum

Thus, there must be a strategic effort to reduce dependence on petroleum. It is already quite urgent as the national oil reserves only up to 18 years (see tableSARANAPOKER.COM AGEN TEXAS POKER DAN DOMINO ONLINE INDONESIA TERPERCAYA ) again, while domestic consumption continued to increase. Predicted in 2010, the amount of fuel imports will increase to approximately 60% - 70% of domestic fuel needs. This fact will make Indonesia be Asia's largest oil importer.The use of alternative fuels should be done especially in the form of a liquid, because the people are very familiar with liquid fuels, fuel. One is Bioethanol. Characteristics of bioethanol with gasoline can be substituted. Indonesia needs to develop bioethanol as:

Increased energy consumption
Fossil fuels will run out
Foreign exchange (import fuel)
Potential use of biofuels
Kyoto protocol
Potential land
Potential human resources (farmers)

BIOETHANOL, COMPETITIVE ALTERNATIVE ENERGYLouis Pasteur for the first time introduced the method of fermentation. He melakukakan sugar fermentation using microorganisms. He has
BOLAWIN88.COM PUSAT BANDAR TARUHAN AGEN JUDI BOLA CASINO POKER BOLATANGKAS DAN TOGEL ONLINE TERPERCAYA INDONESIAopened a new horizon of producing a chemical compound with the help of microorganisms. So we do not have to accomplish achieve synthesis of chemical compounds, let alone mikoorganisme who work to produce it. In 1815, Gay-Lussac formulated the conversion of glucose into ethanol and carbon dioxide. The formula is as follows:2C2H5OH C6H12O6 + 2CO2In the development of the production of alcohol is the most widely used methods of fermentation and distillation.The microorganisms used for fermentation of alcohol:

Bacteria: Clostridium acetobutylicum, Klebsiella pnemoniae, Leuconoctoc
mesenteroides, Sarcina ventriculi, Zymomonas mobilis, etc..
Fungi: Aspergillus oryzae, Endomyces lactis, Kloeckera sp., Kluyreromyces fragilis,
Mucor sp., Neurospora crassa, Rhizopus sp., Saccharomyces beticus, S. cerevisiae, S.ellipsoideus, S. oviformis, S. saki, Torula sp., etc.
Recently, recombinant DNA technology has helped the use of microorganisms in industrial processes. After the USA and Brazil, India is the third largest country in producing bioethanol.During World War II, a mixture of ethanol and gasoline have been used in Europe. However, after the war ended bioethanol compete with cheaper gasoline. The use of a mixture of alcohol and gasoline are used again in the 1970s due to the oil embargo of Arab countries to western countries in 1973 that led to the oil crisis.

JOKIBET.COM Agen Casino Online Terpercaya In 1985, Brazil issued a program mixing 20% ​​bioethanol with gasoline to save 40% of gasoline consumption. This country has marketed 1 million cars with 100% bioethanol fuel.

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